Doctors Specializing in General Orthopaedics

Brad Hall, M.D. (Texas Diabetes Institute) Click for information

All Orthopaedic Clinic Locations

MARC - UT Health San Antonio Click for information

Audie L. Murphy Memorial Verterans Hospital (VA) Click for information

University Health Systems Trauma Clinic Click for information

Texas Diabetes Institute Click for information

UT Kids - Pediatric Orthopaedics (Robert B Green Campus - Downtown)   Click for information

UT Health San Antonio Cancer Center  Click for information

Ruthe B. Cowl Rehabilitation Center, Laredo, TX  Click for information

Areas of Specialization - General Orthopaedics

Nurse Debbie Mucha with patientOrthopaedics is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, care, and treatment of patients with disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, and skin. These elements make up the musculoskeletal system. The physicians who specialize in this area are called orthopaedic surgeons or orthopaedic surgeons.

Orthopaedic surgeons are involved in all aspects of heath care pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. They use medical, physical, and rehabilitative methods as well as surgery.

image of femur bone

Typically, as much as 50 percent of the orthopaedic surgeon's practice is devoted to no surgical or medical management of injuries or disease and 50 percent to surgical management. Surgery may be needed to restore function lost as a result of injury or disease of bones, joint, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, or skin.

The orthopaedic surgeon also works closely with other health care professionals and often serves as a consultant to other physicians. Orthopaedic surgeons play an important role in the organization and delivery of emergency care. They are members of the teams that manage complex, multi-system trauma.

The Scope of Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics is a specialty of immense breadth and variety. Orthopaedic surgeons treat a wide variety of diseases and conditions, including

  • fractures and dislocations
  • torn ligaments, sprains, and strains
  • tendon injuries, pulled muscles, and bursitis
  • ruptured disks, sciatica, low back pain, and scoliosis
  • knock knees, bow legs, bunions, and hammer toes
  • arthritis and osteoporosis
  • bone tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy
  • club foot and unequal leg length
  • abnormalities of the fingers and toes and growth abnormalities

Great advances have occurred in the surgical management of degenerative joint disease. For example,

Orthopaedic surgeons can replace a diseased joint with a prosthetic device (total joint replacement).

  • Arthroscopy, the application of visualizing instruments to assist in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of internal joint diseases, has opened new horizons of therapy.
  • Research is progressing on "growing" articular cartilage in joints, which may one day reduce the need for some people to get joint replacements.
  • Exciting cellular research may enable orthopaedic surgeons to stimulate the growth of ligaments and bone in patients someday in the future.

The Greek roots of orthopaedics are ortho (straight) and pais (child). Much of the early work in orthopaedics involved treating children who had spine or limb deformities. Orthopaedic surgeons continue to treat children, as well as diseases prevalent in the elderly.

Some orthopaedic surgeons confine their practice to specific areas of the musculoskeletal system, such as the spine, hip, foot, or hand. Many generalists have a special interest in a specific area, but still treat most injuries or diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

  • 32 percent of orthopaedic surgeons designate themselves as "general orthopaedic surgeons"
  • 37 percent consider themselves "general orthopaedic surgeons with specialty interest"
  • 31 percent consider themselves "specialists within orthopaedic surgery"

General Orthopaedics

Dr. Hall, MD

Brad Hall, MD


Areas of Specialization

 

 

 

 

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